Breaking Down the STSOL List: Top In-Demand Occupations for Australia Immigration

Breaking Down the STSOL List: Top In-Demand Occupations for Australia Immigration


The STSOL (Short-term Skilled Occupation List) is a list of occupations that are considered in demand in Australia for the 190 General Skilled Migration visa and the temporary visa subclass, namely the Subclass 482 Temporary Skill Shortage (TSS) visa. The STSOL list is designed to respond to the short-term labor market needs of the country.


The STSOL is regularly reviewed and updated to reflect the changing demands of the Australian labor market. It is divided into two parts: Part A and Part B. Part A lists occupations that are subject to a caveat, which means that additional requirements apply for visa eligibility. Part B lists occupations that do not have a caveat.


Eligibility for a Subclass 482 TSS visa


  • have a relevant occupation on the STSOL
  • meet the English language requirement
  • meet the relevant skills and qualification requirements for the occupation
  • meet the character and health requirements
  • have a sponsor who is an approved Australian employer


Eligibility for a Subclass 190 Australia visa


  • have a relevant occupation on the STSOL
  • meet the English language requirement
  • have a positive skill assessment
  • score a minimum 65 points
  • meet the relevant skills and qualification requirements for the occupation
  • meet the character and health requirements
  • lodge an expression of interest
  • receive an invitation to apply from a State or Territory


STSOL occupation additions and removals


Occupations are added or removed from the STSOL based on the findings of the Department of Jobs and Small Business. This department monitors the labor market conditions in Australia and identifies which occupations are experiencing labor shortages.


The STSOL is designed to prioritize occupations that require a high level of skill and are in demand in the short-term. The list is reviewed on an ongoing basis to ensure that it remains relevant and up-to-date.


Applications for the 190 visa and the TSS visa are often made in good faith when an occupation is listed on the STSOL as in-demand. What often happens is that during the course of an application the occupation gets removed from the list. In this instance of you have already been invited to apply for your visa then your application will continue.


On the other hand, if you have not received your invitation to apply then your expression of interest will stay live although with no chance of receiving an invitation to apply unless the nominated occupation is re-added to the STSOL list.


STSOL vs State Lists


The STSOL (Short-term Skilled Occupation List) is different from the state occupation lists in Australia. While the STSOL is a national list of occupations that are considered to be in demand across the country, the state occupation lists are specific to each state or territory in Australia.


State occupation lists are designed to address the specific needs and demands of each state or territory. These lists may include occupations that are not on the STSOL but are still considered to be in demand in that particular state or territory.


Some states or territories also have their own visa programs such as the Skilled Nominated visa (Subclass 190) or the Skilled Work Regional (Provisional) visa (Subclass 491). These programs may have their own occupation lists which are separate from the STSOL.


It is important for applicants to check both the STSOL and the relevant state occupation list to determine if their occupation is in demand and eligible for a particular visa program. The eligibility criteria and requirements may vary between different visa programs and state occupation lists. An easy way to do this check is by taking a Free Visa Assessment.

Full STSOL List


aquaculture farmer 121111 VETASSESS
cotton grower 121211 VETASSESS
flower grower 121212 VETASSESS
fruit or nut grower 121213 VETASSESS
grain, oilseed or pasture grower (Aus) / field crop grower (NZ) 121214 VETASSESS
grape grower 121215 VETASSESS
mixed crop farmer 121216 VETASSESS
sugar cane grower 121217 VETASSESS
vegetable grower (Aus) / market gardener (NZ) 121221 VETASSESS
crop farmers (nec) 121299 VETASSESS
apiarist 121311 VETASSESS
beef cattle farmer 121312 VETASSESS
dairy cattle farmer 121313 VETASSESS
mixed livestock farmer 121317 VETASSESS
pig farmer 121318 VETASSESS
poultry farmer 121321 VETASSESS
sheep farmer 121322 VETASSESS
livestock farmers (nec) 121399 VETASSESS
mixed crop and livestock farmer 121411 VETASSESS
sales and marketing manager 131112 AIM
advertising manager 131113 AIM
corporate services manager 132111 VETASSESS
finance manager 132211 (a) CPAA; or (b) IPA; or © CAANZ
human resource manager 132311 AIM
research and development manager 132511 VETASSESS
manufacturer 133411 VETASSESS
production manager (forestry) 133511 VETASSESS
production manager (manufacturing) 133512 VETASSESS
production manager (mining) 133513 VETASSESS
supply and distribution manager 133611 AIM
health and welfare services managers (nec) 134299 VETASSESS
school principal 134311 VETASSESS
education managers (nec) 134499 VETASSESS
ICT project manager 135112 ACS
ICT managers (nec) 135199 ACS
arts administrator or manager 139911 VETASSESS
laboratory manager 139913 VETASSESS
quality assurance manager 139914 VETASSESS
specialist managers (nec) except:(a) ambassador; or (b) archbishop; or © bishop 139999 VETASSESS
cafe or restaurant manager 141111 VETASSESS
hotel or motel manager 141311 VETASSESS
accommodation and hospitality managers (nec) 141999 VETASSESS
customer service manager 149212 VETASSESS
conference and event organiser 149311 VETASSESS
transport company manager 149413 VETASSESS
facilities manager 149913 VETASSESS
dancer or choreographer 211112 VETASSESS
music director 211212 VETASSESS
music professionals (nec) 211299 VETASSESS
photographer 211311 VETASSESS
visual arts and crafts professionals (nec) 211499 VETASSESS
artistic director 212111 VETASSESS
book or script editor 212212 VETASSESS
director (film, television, radio or stage) 212312 VETASSESS
film and video editor 212314 VETASSESS
program director (television or radio) 212315 VETASSESS
stage manager 212316 VETASSESS
technical director 212317 VETASSESS
video producer 212318 VETASSESS
copywriter 212411 VETASSESS
newspaper or periodical editor 212412 VETASSESS
print journalist 212413 VETASSESS
technical writer 212415 VETASSESS
television journalist 212416 VETASSESS
journalists and other writers (nec) 212499 VETASSESS
company secretary 221211 VETASSESS
commodities trader 222111 VETASSESS
finance broker 222112 VETASSESS
insurance broker 222113 VETASSESS
financial brokers (nec) 222199 VETASSESS
financial market dealer 222211 VETASSESS
stockbroking dealer 222213 VETASSESS
financial dealers (nec) 222299 VETASSESS
financial investment adviser 222311 VETASSESS
financial investment manager 222312 VETASSESS
recruitment consultant 223112 VETASSESS
ICT trainer 223211 ACS
mathematician 224112 VETASSESS
gallery or museum curator 224212 VETASSESS
health information manager 224213 VETASSESS
records manager 224214 VETASSESS
librarian 224611 VETASSESS
organisation and methods analyst 224712 VETASSESS
patents examiner 224914 VETASSESS
information and organisation professionals (nec) 224999 VETASSESS
advertising specialist 225111 VETASSESS
marketing specialist 225113 VETASSESS
ICT account manager 225211 VETASSESS
ICT business development manager 225212 VETASSESS
ICT sales representative 225213 VETASSESS
public relations professional 225311 VETASSESS
technical sales representatives (nec) including education sales representatives 225499 VETASSESS
fashion designer 232311 VETASSESS
industrial designer 232312 VETASSESS
jewellery designer 232313 VETASSESS
graphic designer 232411 VETASSESS
illustrator 232412 VETASSESS
web designer 232414 VETASSESS
interior designer 232511 VETASSESS
urban and regional planner 232611 VETASSESS
geologist 234411 VETASSESS
primary school teacher 241213 AITSL
middle school teacher (Aus) / intermediate school teacher (NZ) 241311 AITSL
education adviser 249111 VETASSESS
art teacher (private tuition) 249211 VETASSESS
dance teacher (private tuition) 249212 VETASSESS
music teacher (private tuition) 249214 VETASSESS
private tutors and teachers (nec) 249299 VETASSESS
teacher of English to speakers of other languages 249311 VETASSESS
dietitian 251111 DAA
nutritionist 251112 VETASSESS
occupational health and safety adviser 251312 VETASSESS
orthoptist 251412 VETASSESS
hospital pharmacist 251511 APharmC
industrial pharmacist 251512 VETASSESS
retail pharmacist 251513 APharmC
health promotion officer 251911 VETASSESS
health diagnostic and promotion professionals (nec) 251999 VETASSESS
acupuncturist 252211 Chinese Medicine Board of Australia
naturopath 252213 VETASSESS
traditional Chinese medicine practitioner 252214 Chinese Medicine Board of Australia
complementary health therapists (nec) 252299 VETASSESS
dental specialist 252311 ADC
dentist 252312 ADC
resident medical officer 253112 MedBA
anaesthetist 253211 MedBA
nurse educator 254211 ANMAC
nurse researcher 254212 ANMAC
nurse manager 254311 ANMAC
web developer 261212 ACS
software tester 261314 ACS
database administrator 262111 ACS
systems administrator 262113 ACS
network administrator 263112 ACS
network analyst 263113 ACS
ICT quality assurance engineer 263211 ACS
ICT support engineer 263212 ACS
ICT systems test engineer 263213 ACS
ICT support and test engineers (nec) 263299 ACS
judicial and other legal professionals (nec) 271299 VETASSESS
careers counsellor 272111 VETASSESS
drug and alcohol counsellor 272112 VETASSESS
family and marriage counsellor 272113 VETASSESS
rehabilitation counsellor 272114 VETASSESS
student counsellor 272115 VETASSESS
counsellors (nec) 272199 VETASSESS
psychotherapist 272314 VETASSESS
interpreter 272412 NAATI
social professionals (nec) 272499 VETASSESS
recreation officer 272612 VETASSESS
welfare worker 272613 ACWA
anaesthetic technician 311211 VETASSESS
cardiac technician 311212 VETASSESS
medical laboratory technician 311213 AIMS
pharmacy technician 311215 VETASSESS
medical technicians (nec) 311299 VETASSESS
meat inspector 311312 VETASSESS
primary products inspectors (nec) 311399 VETASSESS
chemistry technician 311411 VETASSESS
earth science technician 311412 VETASSESS
life science technician 311413 VETASSESS
science technicians (nec) 311499 VETASSESS
architectural draftsperson 312111 VETASSESS
building inspector 312113 VETASSESS
architectural, building and surveying technicians (nec) 312199 VETASSESS
mechanical engineering technician 312512 TRA
metallurgical or materials technician 312912 VETASSESS
mine deputy 312913 VETASSESS
hardware technician 313111 TRA
ICT customer support officer 313112 TRA
web administrator 313113 ACS
ICT support technicians (nec) 313199 TRA
farrier 322113 TRA
aircraft maintenance engineer (avionics) 323111 TRA
aircraft maintenance engineer (mechanical) 323112 TRA
aircraft maintenance engineer (structures) 323113 TRA
textile, clothing and footwear mechanic 323215 TRA
metal fitters and machinists (nec) 323299 TRA
precision instrument maker and repairer 323314 TRA
watch and clock maker and repairer 323316 TRA
toolmaker 323412 TRA
vehicle body builder 324211 TRA
vehicle trimmer 324212 TRA
roof tiler 333311 TRA
business machine mechanic 342311 TRA
cabler (data and telecommunications) 342411 TRA
telecommunications linesworker 342413 TRA
baker 351111 TRA
pastrycook 351112 TRA
butcher or smallgoods maker 351211 TRA
cook 351411 TRA
dog handler or trainer 361111 VETASSESS
animal attendants and trainers (nec) 361199 VETASSESS
veterinary nurse 361311 VETASSESS
florist 362111 TRA
gardener (general) 362211 TRA
arborist 362212 TRA
landscape gardener 362213 TRA
greenkeeper 362311 TRA
hairdresser 391111 TRA
print finisher 392111 TRA
printing machinist 392311 TRA
dressmaker or tailor 393213 TRA
upholsterer 393311 TRA
furniture finisher 394211 TRA
wood machinist 394213 TRA
wood machinists and other wood trades workers (nec) 394299 TRA
chemical plant operator 399211 TRA
power generation plant operator 399213 TRA
library technician 399312 VETASSESS
jeweller 399411 TRA
camera operator (film, television or video) 399512 TRA
make up artist 399514 TRA
sound technician 399516 TRA
performing arts technicians (nec) 399599 VETASSESS
signwriter 399611 TRA
ambulance officer 411111 VETASSESS
intensive care ambulance paramedic 411112 VETASSESS
dental technician 411213 TRA
diversional therapist 411311 VETASSESS
enrolled nurse 411411 ANMAC
massage therapist 411611 VETASSESS
community worker 411711 ACWA
disabilities services officer 411712 VETASSESS
family support worker 411713 VETASSESS
residential care officer 411715 VETASSESS
youth worker 411716 ACWA
diving instructor (open water) 452311 VETASSESS
gymnastics coach or instructor 452312 VETASSESS
horse riding coach or instructor 452313 VETASSESS
snowsport instructor 452314 VETASSESS
swimming coach or instructor 452315 VETASSESS
tennis coach 452316 VETASSESS
other sports coach or instructor 452317 VETASSESS
sports development officer 452321 VETASSESS
footballer 452411 VETASSESS
sportspersons (nec) 452499 VETASSESS
contract administrator 511111 VETASSESS
program or project administrator 511112 VETASSESS
insurance loss adjuster 599612 VETASSESS
insurance agent 611211 VETASSESS
retail buyer 639211 VETASSESS



The STSOL is different from the Medium and Long-term Strategic Skills List (MLTSSL). The MLTSSL is a list of occupations that are considered to be in demand in the long-term and is used for a range of skilled migration visas, including the Subclass 189 Skilled Independent Visa and the Subclass 190 Skilled Nominated Visa. Occupations on the STSOL are only considered for the Subclass 190 Skilled Nominated Visa or the TSS vsia.


There are additional requirements that must be met for occupations listed in Part A of the STSOL. These requirements may include a minimum salary level, a specific work experience or qualification or a requirement for the position to be located in a specific regional area.


Applicants who have an occupation on the STSOL may be eligible for a Subclass 482 TSS visa with a validity period of up to two years. This visa may be renewed once, for a further two years, if the occupation remains on the STSOL.


The STSOL is subject to change at any time. It is important for applicants to check the list regularly to ensure that their occupation is still eligible for a Subclass 482 TSS visa.


If you have questions about the STSOL and your eligibility to immigrate to Australia take a Free Visa Assessment

Subject Matter Expert at Migration Made Simple | Website | + posts

Jacqueline Chow is an international immigration and visa expert with over 15 years of experience in the field. With a background in law and a passion for helping people, Jacqueline has built a reputation as a trusted and reliable source of information and advice on all aspects of immigration and visas. She has worked with clients from all over the world, including high-net-worth individuals, professionals, skilled workers and families. As a sought-after speaker and commentator Jacqueline has been featured in various media outlets and has given talks on immigration and visas at conferences and events around the world.

Fact Checked by Immigration Experts

We strive to provide the most up-to-date and accurate Immigration information on the web so our readers can make informed decisions about their Global Visas and Immigration. Our subject matter experts specialize in Global Immigration to every country on the planet. We follow strict guidelines when fact-checking information and only use credible, Government sources when citing statistics and information. Look for the badge on our articles for the most up-to-date and accurate information. If you feel that any of our content is inaccurate or out-of-date, please let us know via our Contact Page

Disclaimer: We use fact-based content and publish material that is researched, cited, edited, and reviewed by Global Immigration professionals. The information we publish is not intended to be a substitute for professional advice. Migration Made Simple LLC is an independent, third-party resource and it does not endorse any particular immigration pathway. Migration Made Simple is not a provider of paid for Immigration services and we do not give individualized advice.