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190 Visa: The Secret to Living and Working in Australia


The General Skilled Migration (GSM) program is designed to attract highly skilled and talented individuals from all over the world to come and work in Australia. One of the most popular visas within this program is the Skilled Nominated Subclass 190 visa. This visa is designed for skilled workers who are nominated by a state or territory government in Australia and who have skills that are in demand in that particular region.


The Subclass 190 visa is a permanent residency visa which means that successful applicants can live and work in Australia indefinitely. This visa also allows the applicant to include their family members in their visa application providing them with the opportunity to live and work in Australia as well.


190 Visa Eligibility Criteria


To be eligible for the Subclass 190 visa applicants must meet the following criteria:


  • Age: The applicant must be under 45 years of age at the time of application.


  • Language Proficiency: The applicant must have at least competent English language skills. This can be proven through a variety of English language tests such as the International English Language Testing System (IELTS), Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) or the Pearson Test of English (PTE).


  • Skilled Occupation: The applicant must have a nominated occupation that is listed on the relevant skilled occupation list.


  • Skills Assessment: The applicant must have their skills assessed by the relevant assessing authority for their nominated occupation.


  • Points Test: The applicant must score a minimum of 65 points on the Points Test. Points are awarded based on a variety of factors, including age, English language proficiency, work experience, education, and other factors.


  • Nomination by a State or Territory Government: The applicant must be nominated by a state or territory government in Australia. This nomination will be based on the applicant’s skills and qualifications, as well as the demand for those skills in that particular region.


Application Process for the 190


  • Submit an Expression of Interest (EOI): The first step in the process is to submit an EOI through SkillSelect.


  • Receive an Invitation to Apply (ITA): If the applicant meets the eligibility criteria and is deemed to be a suitable candidate for the Subclass 190 visa they will receive an ITA from the Department of Home Affairs.


  • Provide Supporting Documents: The applicant must provide a range of supporting documents, including their skills assessment, English language test results, and other relevant documentation.


  • Attend a Health Assessment: All visa applicants must undergo a health assessment to ensure that they meet the health requirements for entry into Australia.


  • Attend a Character Assessment: All visa applicants must undergo a character assessment to ensure that they meet the character requirements for entry into Australia.


  • Wait for a Decision: Once the visa application has been lodged and all supporting documents have been provided, the applicant will need to wait for a decision to be made on their application.

Benefits of the subclass 190 visa


  • Permanent Residency: The Subclass 190 visa is a permanent residency visa.


  • Work and Study: Holders of the Subclass 190 visa are permitted to work and study in Australia without restriction.


  • Sponsor Family Members: Successful applicants can sponsor their eligible family members.


  • Access to Medicare: Holders of the Subclass 190 visa are eligible for Medicare.


  • Travel: Holders of the Subclass 190 visa are allowed to travel in and out of Australia as often as they choose.


  • Eligibility for Citizenship: Subclass 190 visa holders may be eligible to apply for Australian citizenship.


Understanding State Nomination for the subclass 190 visa


The key requirement for the Subclass 190 visa is nomination by a state or territory government in Australia. Each state and territory has its own list of occupations that are in demand in that region and these lists can vary from one state to another.


The state or territory government will consider a range of factors when deciding whether to nominate an applicant for the Subclass 190 visa including the demand for their skills in that particular region. State nomination is a competitive process, with many applicants vying for a limited number of places.


Applying for 190 Visa


Some States such as New South Wales have a ‘passive’ State Nominee system. This means applicants already in Expression of Interest having ticked NSW as an option may be invited to apply for the NSW State Sponsored Visa. However, States such as South Australia are ‘active’ which means that applications must be in Expression of Interest and applicants must also apply directly to the State of SA to be selected.


The ‘active’ states are New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia, Tasmania and the Australian Capital Territory. All the others are’ passive’ states.

What is the cost of a 190 visa application to Australia?


  • Visa application fee: The visa application fee for a Subclass 190 visa is AUD 4,045 for the primary applicant.


  • Skill assessment fee: Before applying for the Subclass 190 visa applicants need to have their skills assessed by a relevant assessing authority.


  • English language test fee: Applicants for the Subclass 190 visa will need to provide evidence of their English language proficiency by taking an approved English language test such as IELTS, TOEFL, or PTE Academic. The cost of these is between AUD $200-400.


  • Health and character checks: All applicants for the Subclass 190 visa will need to undergo health and character checks, which may include medical examinations, x-rays and police certificates. The cost of these checks will vary depending on the applicant’s circumstances.

Pros and Cons of the 190 visa


Pros of the Subclass 190


  • Permanent Residency: The Subclass 190 offers permanent residency status.


  • Work and Study: Holders of the Subclass 190 visa are permitted to work and study in Australia without any restrictions.


  • State Nomination: Applicants for the Subclass 190 must be nominated by a state or territory government in Australia which increase their chance of being granted a visa.


  • Medicare: Holders of the Subclass 190 visa are eligible for Medicare


  • Citizenship: After living in Australia Subclass 190 holders may be eligible to apply for Australian citizenship.


Cons of the Subclass 190 visa


  • Limited Occupation List: To be eligible for the Subclass 190 applicants must have an occupation on the relevant skilled occupation list.


  • State Nomination: The requirement for state nomination can be a barrier for some applicants.


  • Points Test: Applicants for the Subclass 190 must score a minimum of 65 points on the Points Test.


  • English Language Requirement: Applicants must demonstrate a minimum level of proficiency in the English language.


  • Costs: The application fee for the Subclass 190 can be expensive.


  • Residency Requirements: Holders of the Subclass 190 visa must live and work in the Sponsoring State or Territory for two years before being free to live and work anywhere in Australia.

Free Visa Assessment


Are you looking to immigrate to a new country and start a new life? Are you struggling with visa requirements and unsure of where to start? By taking our free visa assessment you’ll gain a clear understanding of your visa options and whether you meet the eligibility criteria. Kickstart your journey towards a new life in a new country.

These are the only occupations eligible to apply for a Subclass 190 visa


aquaculture farmer 121111 VETASSESS
cotton grower 121211 VETASSESS
flower grower 121212 VETASSESS
fruit or nut grower 121213 VETASSESS
grain, oilseed or pasture grower (Aus) / field crop grower (NZ) 121214 VETASSESS
grape grower 121215 VETASSESS
mixed crop farmer 121216 VETASSESS
sugar cane grower 121217 VETASSESS
vegetable grower (Aus) / market gardener (NZ) 121221 VETASSESS
crop farmers (nec) 121299 VETASSESS
apiarist 121311 VETASSESS
beef cattle farmer 121312 VETASSESS
dairy cattle farmer 121313 VETASSESS
mixed livestock farmer 121317 VETASSESS
pig farmer 121318 VETASSESS
poultry farmer 121321 VETASSESS
sheep farmer 121322 VETASSESS
livestock farmers (nec) 121399 VETASSESS
mixed crop and livestock farmer 121411 VETASSESS
sales and marketing manager 131112 AIM
advertising manager 131113 AIM
corporate services manager 132111 VETASSESS
finance manager 132211 (a) CPAA; or (b) IPA; or © CAANZ
human resource manager 132311 AIM
research and development manager 132511 VETASSESS
manufacturer 133411 VETASSESS
production manager (forestry) 133511 VETASSESS
production manager (manufacturing) 133512 VETASSESS
production manager (mining) 133513 VETASSESS
supply and distribution manager 133611 AIM
health and welfare services managers (nec) 134299 VETASSESS
school principal 134311 VETASSESS
education managers (nec) 134499 VETASSESS
ICT project manager 135112 ACS
ICT managers (nec) 135199 ACS
arts administrator or manager 139911 VETASSESS
laboratory manager 139913 VETASSESS
quality assurance manager 139914 VETASSESS
specialist managers (nec) except:(a) ambassador; or (b) archbishop; or © bishop 139999 VETASSESS
cafe or restaurant manager 141111 VETASSESS
hotel or motel manager 141311 VETASSESS
accommodation and hospitality managers (nec) 141999 VETASSESS
customer service manager 149212 VETASSESS
conference and event organiser 149311 VETASSESS
transport company manager 149413 VETASSESS
facilities manager 149913 VETASSESS
dancer or choreographer 211112 VETASSESS
music director 211212 VETASSESS
music professionals (nec) 211299 VETASSESS
photographer 211311 VETASSESS
visual arts and crafts professionals (nec) 211499 VETASSESS
artistic director 212111 VETASSESS
book or script editor 212212 VETASSESS
director (film, television, radio or stage) 212312 VETASSESS
film and video editor 212314 VETASSESS
program director (television or radio) 212315 VETASSESS
stage manager 212316 VETASSESS
technical director 212317 VETASSESS
video producer 212318 VETASSESS
copywriter 212411 VETASSESS
newspaper or periodical editor 212412 VETASSESS
print journalist 212413 VETASSESS
technical writer 212415 VETASSESS
television journalist 212416 VETASSESS
journalists and other writers (nec) 212499 VETASSESS
company secretary 221211 VETASSESS
commodities trader 222111 VETASSESS
finance broker 222112 VETASSESS
insurance broker 222113 VETASSESS
financial brokers (nec) 222199 VETASSESS
financial market dealer 222211 VETASSESS
stockbroking dealer 222213 VETASSESS
financial dealers (nec) 222299 VETASSESS
financial investment adviser 222311 VETASSESS
financial investment manager 222312 VETASSESS
recruitment consultant 223112 VETASSESS
ICT trainer 223211 ACS
mathematician 224112 VETASSESS
gallery or museum curator 224212 VETASSESS
health information manager 224213 VETASSESS
records manager 224214 VETASSESS
librarian 224611 VETASSESS
organisation and methods analyst 224712 VETASSESS
patents examiner 224914 VETASSESS
information and organisation professionals (nec) 224999 VETASSESS
advertising specialist 225111 VETASSESS
marketing specialist 225113 VETASSESS
ICT account manager 225211 VETASSESS
ICT business development manager 225212 VETASSESS
ICT sales representative 225213 VETASSESS
public relations professional 225311 VETASSESS
technical sales representatives (nec) including education sales representatives 225499 VETASSESS
fashion designer 232311 VETASSESS
industrial designer 232312 VETASSESS
jewellery designer 232313 VETASSESS
graphic designer 232411 VETASSESS
illustrator 232412 VETASSESS
web designer 232414 VETASSESS
interior designer 232511 VETASSESS
urban and regional planner 232611 VETASSESS
geologist 234411 VETASSESS
primary school teacher 241213 AITSL
middle school teacher (Aus) / intermediate school teacher (NZ) 241311 AITSL
education adviser 249111 VETASSESS
art teacher (private tuition) 249211 VETASSESS
dance teacher (private tuition) 249212 VETASSESS
music teacher (private tuition) 249214 VETASSESS
private tutors and teachers (nec) 249299 VETASSESS
teacher of English to speakers of other languages 249311 VETASSESS
dietitian 251111 DAA
nutritionist 251112 VETASSESS
occupational health and safety adviser 251312 VETASSESS
orthoptist 251412 VETASSESS
hospital pharmacist 251511 APharmC
industrial pharmacist 251512 VETASSESS
retail pharmacist 251513 APharmC
health promotion officer 251911 VETASSESS
health diagnostic and promotion professionals (nec) 251999 VETASSESS
acupuncturist 252211 Chinese Medicine Board of Australia
naturopath 252213 VETASSESS
traditional Chinese medicine practitioner 252214 Chinese Medicine Board of Australia
complementary health therapists (nec) 252299 VETASSESS
dental specialist 252311 ADC
dentist 252312 ADC
resident medical officer 253112 MedBA
anaesthetist 253211 MedBA
nurse educator 254211 ANMAC
nurse researcher 254212 ANMAC
nurse manager 254311 ANMAC
web developer 261212 ACS
software tester 261314 ACS
database administrator 262111 ACS
systems administrator 262113 ACS
network administrator 263112 ACS
network analyst 263113 ACS
ICT quality assurance engineer 263211 ACS
ICT support engineer 263212 ACS
ICT systems test engineer 263213 ACS
ICT support and test engineers (nec) 263299 ACS
judicial and other legal professionals (nec) 271299 VETASSESS
careers counsellor 272111 VETASSESS
drug and alcohol counsellor 272112 VETASSESS
family and marriage counsellor 272113 VETASSESS
rehabilitation counsellor 272114 VETASSESS
student counsellor 272115 VETASSESS
counsellors (nec) 272199 VETASSESS
psychotherapist 272314 VETASSESS
interpreter 272412 NAATI
social professionals (nec) 272499 VETASSESS
recreation officer 272612 VETASSESS
welfare worker 272613 ACWA
anaesthetic technician 311211 VETASSESS
cardiac technician 311212 VETASSESS
medical laboratory technician 311213 AIMS
pharmacy technician 311215 VETASSESS
medical technicians (nec) 311299 VETASSESS
meat inspector 311312 VETASSESS
primary products inspectors (nec) 311399 VETASSESS
chemistry technician 311411 VETASSESS
earth science technician 311412 VETASSESS
life science technician 311413 VETASSESS
science technicians (nec) 311499 VETASSESS
architectural draftsperson 312111 VETASSESS
building inspector 312113 VETASSESS
architectural, building and surveying technicians (nec) 312199 VETASSESS
mechanical engineering technician 312512 TRA
metallurgical or materials technician 312912 VETASSESS
mine deputy 312913 VETASSESS
hardware technician 313111 TRA
ICT customer support officer 313112 TRA
web administrator 313113 ACS
ICT support technicians (nec) 313199 TRA
farrier 322113 TRA
aircraft maintenance engineer (avionics) 323111 TRA
aircraft maintenance engineer (mechanical) 323112 TRA
aircraft maintenance engineer (structures) 323113 TRA
textile, clothing and footwear mechanic 323215 TRA
metal fitters and machinists (nec) 323299 TRA
precision instrument maker and repairer 323314 TRA
watch and clock maker and repairer 323316 TRA
toolmaker 323412 TRA
vehicle body builder 324211 TRA
vehicle trimmer 324212 TRA
roof tiler 333311 TRA
business machine mechanic 342311 TRA
cabler (data and telecommunications) 342411 TRA
telecommunications linesworker 342413 TRA
baker 351111 TRA
pastrycook 351112 TRA
butcher or smallgoods maker 351211 TRA
cook 351411 TRA
dog handler or trainer 361111 VETASSESS
animal attendants and trainers (nec) 361199 VETASSESS
veterinary nurse 361311 VETASSESS
florist 362111 TRA
gardener (general) 362211 TRA
arborist 362212 TRA
landscape gardener 362213 TRA
greenkeeper 362311 TRA
hairdresser 391111 TRA
print finisher 392111 TRA
printing machinist 392311 TRA
dressmaker or tailor 393213 TRA
upholsterer 393311 TRA
furniture finisher 394211 TRA
wood machinist 394213 TRA
wood machinists and other wood trades workers (nec) 394299 TRA
chemical plant operator 399211 TRA
power generation plant operator 399213 TRA
library technician 399312 VETASSESS
jeweller 399411 TRA
camera operator (film, television or video) 399512 TRA
make up artist 399514 TRA
sound technician 399516 TRA
performing arts technicians (nec) 399599 VETASSESS
signwriter 399611 TRA
ambulance officer 411111 VETASSESS
intensive care ambulance paramedic 411112 VETASSESS
dental technician 411213 TRA
diversional therapist 411311 VETASSESS
enrolled nurse 411411 ANMAC
massage therapist 411611 VETASSESS
community worker 411711 ACWA
disabilities services officer 411712 VETASSESS
family support worker 411713 VETASSESS
residential care officer 411715 VETASSESS
youth worker 411716 ACWA
diving instructor (open water) 452311 VETASSESS
gymnastics coach or instructor 452312 VETASSESS
horse riding coach or instructor 452313 VETASSESS
snowsport instructor 452314 VETASSESS
swimming coach or instructor 452315 VETASSESS
tennis coach 452316 VETASSESS
other sports coach or instructor 452317 VETASSESS
sports development officer 452321 VETASSESS
footballer 452411 VETASSESS
sportspersons (nec) 452499 VETASSESS
contract administrator 511111 VETASSESS
program or project administrator 511112 VETASSESS
insurance loss adjuster 599612 VETASSESS
insurance agent 611211 VETASSESS
retail buyer 639211 VETASSESS


construction project manager 133111 VETASSESS
engineering manager 133211 (a) Engineers Australia; or (b) AIM
child care centre manager 134111 TRA
nursing clinical director 134212 ANMAC
primary health organisation manager 134213 VETASSESS
welfare centre manager 134214 ACWA
accountant (general) 221111 (a) CPAA; or (b) CAANZ; or (c) IPA
management accountant 221112 (a) CPAA; or (b) CAANZ; or (c) IPA
taxation accountant 221113 (a) CPAA; or (b) CAANZ; or (c) IPA
external auditor 221213 (a) CPAA; or (b) CAANZ; or (c) IPA
internal auditor 221214 VETASSESS
actuary 224111 VETASSESS
land economist 224511 VETASSESS
valuer 224512 VETASSESS
management consultant 224711 VETASSESS
architect 232111 AACA
landscape architect 232112 VETASSESS
surveyor 232212 SSSI
cartographer 232213 VETASSESS
other spatial scientist 232214 VETASSESS
chemical engineer 233111 Engineers Australia
materials engineer 233112 Engineers Australia
civil engineer 233211 Engineers Australia
geotechnical engineer 233212 Engineers Australia
quantity surveyor 233213 AIQS
structural engineer 233214 Engineers Australia
transport engineer 233215 Engineers Australia
electrical engineer 233311 Engineers Australia
electronics engineer 233411 Engineers Australia
industrial engineer 233511 Engineers Australia
mechanical engineer 233512 Engineers Australia
production or plant engineer 233513 Engineers Australia
aeronautical engineer 233911 Engineers Australia
agricultural engineer 233912 Engineers Australia
biomedical engineer 233913 Engineers Australia
engineering technologist 233914 Engineers Australia
environmental engineer 233915 Engineers Australia
naval architect 233916 Engineers Australia
agricultural consultant 234111 VETASSESS
agricultural scientist 234112 VETASSESS
forester 234113 VETASSESS
medical laboratory scientist 234611 AIMS
veterinarian 234711 AVBC
physicist (medical physicist only) 234914 ACPSEM
early childhood (pre‑primary school) teacher 241111 AITSL
secondary school teacher 241411 AITSL
special needs teacher 241511 AITSL
teacher of the hearing impaired 241512 AITSL
teacher of the sight impaired 241513 AITSL
special education teachers (nec) 241599 AITSL
medical diagnostic radiographer 251211 ASMIRT
medical radiation therapist 251212 ASMIRT
nuclear medicine technologist 251213 ANZSNM
sonographer 251214 ASMIRT
optometrist 251411 OCANZ
orthotist or prosthetist 251912 AOPA
chiropractor 252111 CCEA
osteopath 252112 AOAC
occupational therapist 252411 OTC
physiotherapist 252511 APC
podiatrist 252611 (a) APodA; or (b) ANZPAC
audiologist 252711 VETASSESS
speech pathologist 252712 SPA
general practitioner 253111 MedBA
specialist physician (general medicine) 253311 MedBA
cardiologist 253312 MedBA
clinical haematologist 253313 MedBA
medical oncologist 253314 MedBA
endocrinologist 253315 MedBA
gastroenterologist 253316 MedBA
intensive care specialist 253317 MedBA
neurologist 253318 MedBA
paediatrician 253321 MedBA
renal medicine specialist 253322 MedBA
rheumatologist 253323 MedBA
thoracic medicine specialist 253324 MedBA
specialist physicians (nec) 253399 MedBA
psychiatrist 253411 MedBA
surgeon (general) 253511 MedBA
cardiothoracic surgeon 253512 MedBA
neurosurgeon 253513 MedBA
orthopaedic surgeon 253514 MedBA
otorhinolaryngologist 253515 MedBA
paediatric surgeon 253516 MedBA
plastic and reconstructive surgeon 253517 MedBA
urologist 253518 MedBA
vascular surgeon 253521 MedBA
dermatologist 253911 MedBA
emergency medicine specialist 253912 MedBA
obstetrician and gynaecologist 253913 MedBA
ophthalmologist 253914 MedBA
pathologist 253915 MedBA
diagnostic and interventional radiologist 253917 MedBA
radiation oncologist 253918 MedBA
medical practitioners (nec) 253999 MedBA
midwife 254111 ANMAC
nurse practitioner 254411 ANMAC
registered nurse (aged care) 254412 ANMAC
registered nurse (child and family health) 254413 ANMAC
registered nurse (community health) 254414 ANMAC
registered nurse (critical care and emergency) 254415 ANMAC
registered nurse (developmental disability) 254416 ANMAC
registered nurse (disability and rehabilitation) 254417 ANMAC
registered nurse (medical) 254418 ANMAC
registered nurse (medical practice) 254421 ANMAC
registered nurse (mental health) 254422 ANMAC
registered nurse (perioperative) 254423 ANMAC
registered nurse (surgical) 254424 ANMAC
registered nurse (paediatrics) 254425 ANMAC
registered nurses (nec) 254499 ANMAC
ICT business analyst 261111 ACS
systems analyst 261112 ACS
analyst programmer 261311 ACS
developer programmer 261312 ACS
software engineer 261313 ACS
ICT security specialist 262112 ACS
computer network and systems engineer 263111 ACS
telecommunications engineer 263311 Engineers Australia
telecommunications network engineer 263312 Engineers Australia
barrister 271111
a legal admissions authority of a State or Territory
solicitor 271311
a legal admissions authority of a State or Territory
clinical psychologist 272311 APS
educational psychologist 272312 APS
organisational psychologist 272313 APS
psychologists (nec) 272399 APS
social worker 272511 AASW
civil engineering draftsperson 312211 (a) Engineers Australia; or (b) VETASSESS
civil engineering technician 312212 VETASSESS
electrical engineering draftsperson 312311 Engineers Australia
electrical engineering technician 312312 TRA
radio communications technician 313211 TRA
telecommunications field engineer 313212 Engineers Australia
telecommunications network planner 313213 Engineers Australia
telecommunications technical officer or technologist 313214 Engineers Australia
automotive electrician 321111 TRA
motor mechanic (general) 321211 TRA
diesel motor mechanic 321212 TRA
motorcycle mechanic 321213 TRA
small engine mechanic 321214 TRA
sheetmetal trades worker 322211 TRA
metal fabricator 322311 TRA
pressure welder 322312 TRA
welder (first class) 322313 TRA
fitter (general) 323211 TRA
fitter and turner 323212 TRA
fitter‑welder 323213 TRA
metal machinist (first class) 323214 TRA
locksmith 323313 TRA
panelbeater 324111 TRA
bricklayer 331111 TRA
stonemason 331112 TRA
carpenter and joiner 331211 TRA
carpenter 331212 TRA
joiner 331213 TRA
painting trades worker 332211 TRA
glazier 333111 TRA
fibrous plasterer 333211 TRA
solid plasterer 333212 TRA
wall and floor tiler 333411 TRA
plumber (general) 334111 TRA
airconditioning and mechanical services plumber 334112 TRA
drainer 334113 TRA
gasfitter 334114 TRA
roof plumber 334115 TRA
electrician (general) 341111 TRA
electrician (special class) 341112 TRA
lift mechanic 341113 TRA
airconditioning and refrigeration mechanic 342111 TRA
technical cable jointer 342212 TRA
electronic equipment trades worker 342313 TRA
electronic instrument trades worker (general) 342314 TRA
electronic instrument trades worker (special class) 342315 TRA
chef 351311 TRA
cabinetmaker 394111 TRA
boat builder and repairer 399111 TRA
shipwright 399112 TRA
Subject Matter Expert at Migration Made Simple | Website | + posts

Jacqueline Chow is an international immigration and visa expert with over 15 years of experience in the field. With a background in law and a passion for helping people, Jacqueline has built a reputation as a trusted and reliable source of information and advice on all aspects of immigration and visas. She has worked with clients from all over the world, including high-net-worth individuals, professionals, skilled workers and families. As a sought-after speaker and commentator Jacqueline has been featured in various media outlets and has given talks on immigration and visas at conferences and events around the world.